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Violent and homicidal offenders

Demographic characteristics and comparisons of US female incarcerated infanticides, filicides, and homicides
Karan Berger (Florida State Prison, Raiford, FL, USA)
The data are based on a geographically representative sample of mothers from four regions in the United States who were incarcerated for murdering their infants (n=20), children (n=20) or strangers/acquaintances (n=20), and were collected over an approximate four-year period from 1990-1994.  The sample was stratified by race.  Findings over a wide range of demographic variables will be reported.(back to top)

Bizarre Homicides Linked to Kindled Partial Seizures Through Intermittent, Moderate Stresses, Proposed as new syndrome: "Limbic Psychotic Trigger Reaction" (LPTR)
Anneliese A. Pontius (Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA)
Bizarre homicides, not classifiable by any known diagnostic category, are presented. These acts have met l6 inclusion and l3 exclusion criteria, and have so far consistently found in l7 single, white, middle class, previously non-violent social loners of above average intelligence. Included in the l3 symptoms and signs are well-remembered, motiveless, unplanned homicidal acts, committed with flat affect, brief psychosis, and autonomic arousal. LPTR implicates partial limbic seizures, which do not quantitatively impair consciousness and memory. It appears that such partial seizures are kindled by individualized trigger stimuli, reviving the memories of intermittent past hurts.(back to top)

Testing a typology of batterers
Julia C. Babcock (University of Houston, Houston, TX)
Jennifer Waltz (University of Montana, Bozeman, MT)
Neil S. Jacobson and John M. Gottman (University of Washington, Seattle, Washington)
Holtzworth-Munroe and Stuart (1994) describe three types of men who batter their wives: 1) generally violent/antisocial batterers; 2) dysphoric/borderline batterers; and 3) family-only batterers. The current study empirically validates this theoretical typology and examines differences in batterers' behavior during violent and non-violent arguments. Scores on personality disorder and violence scales were entered into mixture analyses to cluster the batterers (n=74). Mixture analysis derived three clusters which mapped topographically onto the tripartite typology. Behavioral differences between the three types of batterers were also found.(back to top)

Therapeutic alliance: Predictor of treatment dropout and success in a group treatment program for violent men
Pamela D. Brown and Daniel K. O'Leary
(State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY)
This study examined the therapeutic alliance between client and therapist, an established predictor in individual therapy, on group treatment outcome in partner violent men.  Strength of the alliance was positively associated with treatment outcome (i.e. decreased husband to wife psychological and physical aggression).  Alliance assessed at session 1 was a good predictor of treatment success, while alliance assessed at session 3 was unrelated to treatment success.  Further, alliance between husband and therapist proved a stronger predictor of outcome than alliance between wife and therapist.  Finally, although alliance (i.e. husbands' and wives') was related to treatment success, it was unrelated to treatment completion.(back to top)